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The development of the global poultry industry in 2020 appears to be more complicated than in previous years. However, through the ten key words and the ten major events that have occurred and are occurring, we can still see some development trends of the poultry industry in China and the world and the future direction of the food supply chain.
 
Keywords one : COVID-19
 
The new crown epidemic has caused great losses to the lives and properties of employees in the poultry industry, endangering the poultry industry chain and supply chain
 
Anything that can wait should wait. This is a true portrayal of the most severe period of the global pandemic prevention and control situation of the new crown epidemic. Cities, roads, villages, and quarantine measures have caused a large number of chickens to be destroyed. There are countless incidents of factory shutdowns, labor shortages, cancellation or postponement of exhibitions, plus consumer-side hotel/catering closures, school delays, and residents hoarding goods. , The market prices of eggs and chicken in many parts of the world have also experienced large fluctuations and shocks, which have also brought huge economic losses to the poultry industry.
 
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and its destructive power continues to escalate, emergency management is facing unprecedented challenges. More than 300 meat and poultry processing plants in the United States, Canada, Brazil, and the European Union have had tens of thousands of employees infected with COVID-19 and confirmed cases At least 20,000 people and at least 100 deaths.
According to a report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), among the people infected with COVID-19 in the meat and poultry processing plants in Nebraska, the United States came from the production area (74%), the buffet/rest area ( 51%), dressing rooms (43%), entrances and exits (40%) accounted for a relatively high proportion, while the proportion of processing production lines such as segmentation reached 54%, which was significantly higher than the proportion of 16% from the primary processing/slaughter line. This report analyzes that factors that may affect the risk of COVID-19 infection for meat and poultry processing plants include physical distance in the workplace, sanitary conditions, and crowded living and transportation facilities. It also calls for social distancing, hand hygiene, cleaning and disinfection. And the medical leave policy. In this regard, industry experts said that meat supply cannot override the health and lives of processing plant personnel, and solutions must be found to protect their personal safety.
 
Keyword Two: Avian Influenza
 
The avian flu that has changed from place to place has not made way for the new crown epidemic, and it still rages in many places every month, causing a large number of poultry losses
 
Compared with the same period in 2019, the same is that from January to November 2020, there will be new poultry HPAI epidemics every month, and January to April is the high incidence season, with 52 new cases, 72 cases, 88 cases, and 209 cases respectively. rise. Different from previous years, the data released by OIE shows that since 2020, the HPAI epidemic has not only brought a great threat to the health of poultry, but also brought risks to the health of animals other than poultry. There are two new outbreaks in Kazakhstan. The H5 subtype HPAI epidemic of free-range poultry caused a total of 390 susceptible pigs, 3,593 cattle, 5439 sheep, and 1,206 horses, but it did not cause these susceptible animals to become infected.
 
From January 1 to November 16, 2020, the top 10 economies with new poultry HPAI outbreaks are: Hungary, 273, Taiwan, China, 67, Russia, 66, Vietnam, 63, Poland, 31, There were 11 in Kazakhstan, 9 in Bulgaria, 8 in Israel, 7 in Germany, and 7 in India. The top 10 economies in terms of the number of poultry culled in the new HPAI epidemic are: Hungary 3.534 million, Russia 1.768 million, Taiwan, China 582,000, Kazakhstan 545,000, Poland 509,000, and Australia 434,000. , Bulgaria 421,000 pigeons, Japan 387,000 pigeons, Saudi Arabia 385,000 pigeons, Israel 286,000 pigeons.
 
From January 1 to November 16, 2020, 2 new poultry HPAI outbreaks occurred in mainland China, including 1 poultry H5N6 subtype HPAI outbreak in Xichong County, Nanchong City, Sichuan Province, and 1 poultry outbreak in Shuangqing District, Shaoyang City, Hunan Province In the H5N1 subtype HPAI outbreak, the two outbreaks caused a total of 10347 susceptible poultry, 6340 infected cases, 6340 fatal cases, and 4007 poultry culled. During the same period, 5 HPAI outbreaks of wild swan H5N6 subtype occurred in Xinjiang.

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Keyword three: Salmonella
 
The pervasive Salmonella continues to create risks, triggering egg/chicken recalls, while Newcastle disease appears to be relatively calm
 
In 2020, there have been many suspected salmonella infections in food and agricultural products around the world, such as onions in the United States, eggs in France, chicken in Poland, and a certain brand of cake in China.
 
According to a report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 6 salmonella outbreaks in the U.S. in 2020 (as of November 18), including 1 human infection with Hadar Salmonella suspected to be caused by contact with poultry in the backyard. , Occurred in all 50 states of the United States, a total of 1659 cases were reported, of which 326 were hospitalized and 1 died. Whole genome sequencing of Salmonella isolated from 1493 cases and two environmental samples showed that 793 (53.2%) isolated strains were resistant to amoxicillin clavulanic acid (resistance rate 1.5%), streptomycin ( 47.3%), tetracycline (47.6%) and other conventional antibiotics developed resistance.

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Keyword four: reduce resistance and reduce drug resistance
 
Reducing resistance and drug resistance has been the focus of the industry for many years. In 2020, it will be more important due to the implementation of feed bans in China in 2020.
 
Resistance reduction is a way, not an end. The problem of antimicrobial resistance has become a problem in the world, and it is one of the greatest health threats to humans and animals. It is trying to destroy the progress and achievements made by modern medicine and modern veterinary medicine for more than 100 years. At present, after many years of “anti-antimicrobial bans” have been implemented, developed economies such as the European Union and the United States have made progress in reducing the use of antimicrobial drugs for humans and animals, but the problem of antimicrobial drug resistance is still evolving. At the same time, the World Health Organization and the World Organization for Animal Health are coordinating with countries to strengthen monitoring and research, and developing economies are also following up.
 
According to the new legislation introduced by the European Union in 2019, all conventional farm antibiotics, including all preventive treatments for animal groups, will be banned from January 28, 2022. In this regard, the United States made a strong negative and said it was the reason for the establishment of trade barriers. The U.S. Department of Agriculture stated that this regulation “has no reliable scientific basis.”
 
In 2020, China’s feed antibiotics ban was officially implemented, setting off an upsurge of anti-antibiotics. However, the detection of prohibited veterinary drugs in eggs, chicken, etc. occurred one after another. At the same time, Chia Tai Group and Cargill have successively launched Raised Anti-Resistant (RWA) chicken in the Chinese market. On January 11, 2020, CP Group launched Benja’s anti-fungal chicken products at Beijing Hema Xiansheng Shilibao Store. In addition, Jilin Youshengda Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. is also vigorously promoting its Qianbaihe non-resistant chicken online and offline.
 
Keyword five: non-caged breeding
 
The popularity of non-caged cages in Europe and the United States has declined slightly, but the attention of some developing economies has quietly increased
 
From the current official data, EU countries leading the improvement of animal welfare have not made much progress in the poultry and pig fields in the past two years, and pets such as rabbits have attracted more attention. According to data released by the US Department of Agriculture, as of March 2020, there are 60 million cage free laying hens (17.8%) in the United States, and 19.4 million organic laying hens (5.4%). There are 257.1 million chickens (76.4%) of traditionally farmed laying hens.
 
In 2020, Brazil will see new trends in the promotion of non-cage cages. After the Brazilian Food Company (BRF) announced that it would purchase non-cage-raised eggs for processing products such as cheese, bread and other products from September 2020, the Brazilian egg giant said in November of the same year that it would invest in new 2.5 million non-cage-raised eggs. Chicken project.
 
In China, promoting non-caged laying hens means leaping development, and land and water resources are also two major factors that need to be considered. The EU and the United States are transitioning to non-cage farming on the basis of enriched cages, while large-scale layer farming in China is mainly caged. In addition to the current investment in laying hens enriched cages in China by Chia Tai Group, the Most companies are between wait-and-see and swing. However, Metro has included the Chinese market in its future commitment to purchase non-caged eggs, which has also attracted great attention from the Chinese layer industry. In addition, Shanxi Pingyao Weihai Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd. cooperated with Nestlé to build a non-cage welfare free range system for laying hens.
 
Keyword Six: Vulnerability
 
Vulnerability is prominent in the supply chain of the food and poultry industry, and it extends its antennae to the field of animal welfare
 
Contrary to the predictions of scholars, experts and consulting agencies in many fields in the early stage of the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, in the first three quarters of 2020, broiler slaughter in the United States will be less affected and has achieved a year-on-year growth of 8% in August, due to increased import demand from China. The export volume of chicken meat in the United States also increased significantly year-on-year; the production capacity of chicken meat in China recovered steadily, and imports increased significantly year-on-year. Judging from the latest forecast report of the US Department of Agriculture, global chicken production and import and export trade will continue to grow in 2020.
 
However, the flexibility of chicken production and the resilience of chicken trade in 2020 are somewhat commonplace compared with the fragility of chicken fry and egg supply chains. For example, the transportation of chicken fry and eggs and the introduction of ancestral chickens in China have destroyed a large number of chicken fry. For another example, the 1-day-old chickens hatched in the Netherlands could not be transported to their destinations. They were euthanized and the hatching eggs were destroyed. The main reason was that the transportation to Africa was suspended due to the new crown epidemic, and the African countries that rely heavily on seed source imports For poultry producers, production is difficult to run. Data show that before this, Ghana, Congo, Nigeria and Ivory Coast introduced 1.7 million 1-day-old chicks every month, and most of these chicks from the exporting country were destroyed after the shipment was suspended.
 
Therefore, many parties have raised great concerns about the fragility of the poultry supply chain and poultry welfare. Dr. Temple Grandin, Professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University, said: “We have to do something to make the supply chain of poultry and farm animals more flexible. The processing plant became interested.”
 
Since 2020, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, people in EU countries have relatively reduced the number of demonstrations and pressure activities on animal welfare. However, even when the situation of the prevention and control of the new crown epidemic is stable, they will organize rallies and parades to exert pressure. The United States has also seen a decline in attention to animal welfare due to the impact of the new crown epidemic. Industry observers said that although the industry has taken more complete culling measures against susceptible poultry and pigs after the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza and African swine fever in poultry, it has not yet done a good job in non-animal health emergencies. To prepare, it is necessary to increase research and find a feasible solution path.
 
Keyword Seven: Anti-competition
 
International trade risks are far beyond the ability of the industry to predict and control, and anti-competitiveness is more realistic
 
Up to now, negotiations on competition policy in the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been at a standstill for nearly 16 consecutive years, and trade wars focusing on tariff disputes have emerged one after another. Research based on typical events shows that if anti-competitive behavior in a certain industry in a certain economy expands, it will have an impact on the international trade of products in this industry and the development of the same industry in other economies in many different forms.
 
For the poultry industry, the trade of poultry meat and eggs has always been a major focus of the industry’s attention, and the new monthly avian influenza epidemic has made the already extremely complicated international trade of poultry products more variable. For example, on July 27, 2020, there was a new expectation in the eight-year-old poultry trade tariff dispute between the United States and India. The WTO arbitration panel agreed on the same day to postpone the ruling of this dispute, and it is expected to make a ruling before January 2021. The dispute between the two parties mainly lies in the fact that the Indian side does not lift the strict control measures on the import and export of poultry products, and the US side therefore adopted measures to impose a tariff of US$450 million on Indian products.
 
Since 2020, due to the superimposed impact of the new crown epidemic, many countries have suspended egg exports and chicken imports, and the US animal protein industry chain has set off a tide of anti-competitive behaviors that damage the interests of farms/retailers due to the disparity in the supply chain, especially in the beef field. The most intense, followed by pork, chicken, and eggs; after seven years of anti-competitive behavior, some chicken production giants in the United States expressed their sincerity in the face of legal rulings, and the US egg giants were also sued for allegedly manipulating egg prices.
 
Nowadays, the poultry market of some developing economies is also showing the momentum of anti-competitive behavior, such as the Chinese egg market.
 
Keyword Eight: Counter-attack to kill 1-day-old young roosters
 
Driven by the demands of all walks of life, retail procurement commitments, and technological innovations in the sex identification of breeding eggs and embryos, Switzerland enacted legislation in 2019 to ban the culling of 1-day-old cocks. Germany and France have set off a new wave of legislation. The legislation is not far away.
 
Because the young cock grows up and will not lay eggs and the meat is not good enough to be culled, the practice of culling hundreds of billions of one-day-old young cock every year has aroused widespread concern in the whole society, and EU countries have put legislation to solve this problem. Actions on the problem are heating up. After Switzerland introduced a ban on the culling of 1-day-old young cock, Germany and France began to introduce draft legislation. Four animal welfare organizations in the Netherlands asked the prime minister to follow the example of France and Switzerland and implement the Dutch ban in 2021.
 
With the industrial application of the innovative technology of embryo sex identification of breeding eggs, many large retail groups such as Aldi Group and Carrefour stated that they will gradually stop purchasing eggs produced by culling 1-day-old young rooster hatching system layers, and start purchasing and selling. Respond to kill eggs (RespEGGt). At the same time, it has also attracted capital to invest in a number of start-up companies to carry out such technology research, and the research and development field has expanded from the laying hen incubation system to the meat duck incubation system. In fact, as early as 2008, the German Selegg company began to develop this technology. After more than 10 years, the first batch of counter-attack eggs were sold in 9 supermarkets in Berlin, Germany in 2018.
 
In early 2020, researchers from two German universities and a research institute have applied for a patent of this type of technology, which can determine the sex of the egg embryo on the third day of incubation with an accuracy rate of 75%, while the accuracy rate determined on the sixth day Up to 95%. In October of the same year, the Israeli start-up SOOS made new progress in technology research and development. SOOS CEO Yael Alter said that from the perspective of animal welfare, laying hens’ breeding eggs need to be hatched on the 7th day (chickens). The shape of the living body has been formed) before the identification of male and female embryos and the destruction of the latter, but it is difficult to achieve. Therefore, SOOS has developed a new technology for sex conversion of breeding eggs, by studying cell acoustics and changing the environmental conditions of the incubator, converting male genes into functional female genes. She also revealed that the use of this technology can increase the hatching rate of female chicks to 60%, and it is expected to reach 80% in the future.
 
Keyword Nine: Healthy and Sustainable
 
Healthy and sustainable has become the main concept in many fields such as the poultry industry, and the practice will face more challenges
 
The climate crisis has intensified and evolved, the problem of drug resistance has become increasingly severe, and the COVID-19 pandemic has continuously issued warnings: the close relationship between people, animals and the natural environment has become very tense and even worsened. To this end, the United Nations, international organizations and governments of many countries have attached great importance and concern to this. They have set goals and made commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. They have studied and issued a number of protection of wild animals, protection of biodiversity, and protection of wetlands/water resources. /Soil, and related laws and regulations to strengthen biosafety, prevent and curb zoonotic diseases. For example, China practices water resources protection and promotes environmental governance. In 2020, it promulgated the “Biosafety Law” and issued a ban on illegal wildlife trading, and many places across the country also implemented measures to close live poultry trading markets.
 
At present, the global poultry industry is building new projects and developing new products based on its own affordable costs, in order to practice and promote what they believe to be healthy and sustainable.
 
However, the contribution of the international trade of poultry meat, eggs and other food and agricultural products in this respect has been ignored or even misunderstood by the industry. According to the concept of healthy and sustainable development introduced by the United Nations, its FAO, UNEP and other institutions, the challenges of water crisis and land resource shortages facing some economies are becoming more and more severe, directly affecting the sustainable development of mankind and the planet. Food and agricultural products such as poultry meat and eggs, which consume less water and land resources in the production process, are exported to water crisis, land resource shortage, and the livestock and poultry production process consumes more water and agricultural products through compliant international trade channels. An economy with land resources in order to make a positive contribution to global sustainable development and environmental improvement. However, there are still many difficulties. From this point of view, sustainable health emphasizes global governance, worldwide industrial development and coordination, and the current measures taken by China and other economies in meat and other food and agricultural products are also related to improving the natural environment and protecting the green mountains and green waters. It’s not unrelated.
 
Keyword ten: digital transformation
 
With the advent of the 5G era, the digital transformation of the poultry industry chain has moved from conceptual research to actual combat
 
As Carrefour introduced IBM’s blockchain technology in France for the retrospective analysis of chicken and other products and implemented it in 2019, more and more poultry production companies have begun to actively cooperate with supply chain companies and other parties to enter the chicken and egg blocks The actual application and promotion stage of chain technology. For example, Indonesian poultry producer Belfoods, French egg giant Avril Group, etc.
 
At the same time, the Internet of Things and robots are also continuing in-depth research while obtaining initial applications. SugarCreek, a U.S. company that supplies bacon, meatballs, sausage patties and chicken products for the catering and retail markets, recently used IoT technology in its refurbished factories to connect equipment, sensors and systems to achieve cost savings and Allow SugarCreek’s suppliers to securely access the company’s machines remotely. According to a report by CNN in the United States in July 2020, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic and due to the shortage of labor in meat processing plants for many years, many meat processors such as Tyson Foods in the United States are accelerating the development of robots to replace artificial meat. Cutting. According to the same report from The Wall Street Journal, engineers and scientists of Tyson Foods, with the help of auto industry designers, are developing an automatic deboning system to achieve the goal of slaughtering and processing nearly 40 million broilers every week.
 
Nowadays, the research and development and application of digital technology have expanded to the field of poultry production at multiple levels. In order to reduce the risk of employees contracting the new crown virus, Tyson Foods has now deployed infection tracking algorithms and “monitoring and testing” procedures in its meat processing plants. On September 25, 2020, Dr. Jason Guss, CEO of Iterate Laboratories, introduced a “wearable sensor device” used in the poultry production process to the American poultry industry. This device is designed according to ergonomic principles and is connected to the glove. It can continuously monitor and predict employee ergonomics and fatigue-related issues, and provide real-time data to managers to ensure employee safety and improve employee retention, which can solve the poultry industry Some of the high costs and most pressing problems faced-high turnover, injuries, low engagement and lack of awareness of personal performance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Post time: Sep-23-2021