Common medication precautions and dosage for cattle raising (part one)
When and how to use medicine on Cattle
Cattle farming is an important part of animal husbandry. With the continuous development of society, its intensification and scale are getting higher and higher, which brings about the problem of frequent diseases. Drug prevention and control is the best measure to prevent and control diseases. . Common clinical precautions for medication include irrational use of antibiotics, drug compatibility, drug resistance and drug residues. The purpose of drug use is to prevent and treat diseases, and indiscriminate drug use is prohibited on the basis of achieving the purpose. : Precautions and dosage of common medication for cattle raising.
1. Rational use of antibiotics
Antibiotics mainly play the role of inhibiting and killing pathogenic microorganisms. They are widely used in the clinical production process. They are usually used to prevent and control diseases and promote growth. They are the most widely used chemical drugs in cattle production. However, in the actual production process, it is found that many cattle farm technicians have many unreasonable uses of antibiotics, especially oral use, which poses a great hidden danger to the health of cattle. Cattle are ruminants, and the feed they eat is mainly crude fiber. The gastric juice secreted by the rumen itself does not have a digestive effect on the cellulose of the feed. The cellulose mainly relies on various microorganisms in the rumen to ferment and decompose, in the form of organic acids. absorbed by the body. After cattle orally administered antibiotics, in addition to inhibiting pathogenic microorganisms in the rumen, it also affects beneficial microorganisms, because most antibiotics do not selectively distinguish whether microorganisms are beneficial or not, and ultimately cause rumen system microecological imbalance, disease On the contrary, it is aggravated, so in the process of cattle production, it is not necessary to avoid the administration of oral antibiotics as much as possible.
2. Rational drug compatibility
Each drug has its own effect. In cattle production, two or more drugs are often used in combination in order to achieve the effect of 1+1>2. However, different drugs not only have different drug formulations, specifications and dosages. There are more differences in pharmacology, chemistry and pharmacokinetics. Every cattle farm technician needs to be familiar with the scientific compatibility of commonly used drugs, including the physicochemical properties, pH, redox properties, functional groups, etc. of the drugs for scientific compatibility. For example, sulfonamide injections are generally alkaline, and most liquid preparations of traditional Chinese medicines are acidic. If the two are used together, it is easy to cause the precipitation of sulfonamides and the degradation of the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines, which not only causes drug waste, but also delays. illness. If you are not sure about the compatibility results, you can carry out the compatibility through a pre-test to avoid unnecessary losses. Drug compatibility is a skill, and it is recommended that veterinarians in the clinical front line learn more relevant knowledge and master compatibility skills.
3. Do not overdose
Drug residues have always been a headache for the breeding industry and the food industry. Although my country’s cattle breeding industry has begun to take shape, there are still a large number of free-range farmers who focus on traditional breeding, with poor breeding concepts and traditional breeding methods. They do not abide by the relevant regulations on the withdrawal period, use drugs indiscriminately, and use a large amount of chemical drugs before the beef cattle are released. With the strengthening of food inspection by the state, food safety has been paid more and more attention by the society, and the cost of illegal activities has also increased through legislation. It is hoped that the majority of farmers can improve their awareness of food safety. When using veterinary drugs to prevent and control diseases, they must abide by the withdrawal period of the drugs, and regulate the use of drugs according to the drug instructions.
4. Do not abuse drugs
The problem of drug resistance is very common in my country at present. Due to the wide distribution of breeding resources in my country, the relatively backward breeding level and the low level of intensive management, most diseases are still in the traditional stage of relying on drugs. This national condition makes the abuse of veterinary drugs more serious. According to the laws of nature, the pathogen is in the process of constant mutation, and the mutation has no direction. When a veterinary drug is selected as a condition for its mutation characteristics, a large number of drug-resistant offspring will be produced in the process of drug use. If a new infection occurs, the Used antibiotics will lose their effectiveness. Over and over again, many pathogens resistant to different drugs will be selected, which eventually makes the treatment of the disease more and more difficult, and the development speed of new drugs is far less than the speed of mutation selection, which eventually leads to the more common drug resistance. The problem of drug resistance is the consequence of drug abuse. It is hoped that the majority of cattle farmers will standardize, rationally and scientifically use drugs in the clinical production process. The same antibiotic should be used intermittently as much as possible. When treating diseases, the dosage of each drug can be reduced by using two or more drugs in combination. When drugs are used to prevent diseases, shuttle drugs can be used to minimize the generation of pathogen resistance.
Post time: Jul-12-2022