Four common diseases of calves and their prevention and treatment methods

The prevention and control methods of common calf diseases are introduced as follows

1. The umbilical cord inflammation
When palpating its umbilicus, the calf showed pain and arched back. In the center of the umbilical cord and under the skin of the root, you can feel the thick cords like a pencil shaft, and ooze thick pus with a foul smell. Mild umbilical cord fragments fall off. , The navel is bright red and moist, with a small amount of purulent discharge or ulcer erosion. In severe cases, abscesses appear around the umbilical chakra, and odorous thick pus flows out. The swelling often spreads to the surrounding abdomen. The calf has systemic symptoms such as loss of appetite, depression, rapid breathing and pulse, increased body temperature, and local warming of the umbilical cord. If not treated in time, you will eventually die of sepsis.

Prevention method:
When the tissues around the umbilical cavity are inflamed and swollen without other systemic symptoms, the umbilical area is first trimmed and disinfected, and then penicillin procaine injection is used to inject subcutaneously around the umbilical cavity, and the local area is coated with pine oil and 5% A mixture of equal amounts of iodine. If suppuration or necrosis has occurred, the pus should be drained and the necrotic tissue should be removed. After washing with a disinfectant, sprinkle iodoform sulfa powder or nitrofurazone powder and other bactericidal and anti-inflammatory drugs, and bandage the area.

2. Choking
When a cow is dystocia, the calf will suffocate due to prolonged blockage of mucus and amniotic fluid in the mother’s body. When the calf is suffocated, it can be rescued by artificial respiration. Lower the head of the calf and raise the hindquarters. One person holds the two forelimbs and pulls back and forth to alternately expand and compress the chest cavity. The other person uses gauze or a towel to clean the mucus and amniotic fluid in the nostrils and mouth. When doing artificial respiration, you must be patient until the calf is breathing normally before stopping. While doing artificial respiration, you can use drugs that stimulate the respiratory center, such as 5-10 mg of Lobelia theophylline, and 1.5 ml of 25% nikethamide oil solution. The effect is better.

3. Diarrhea
The disease has a high incidence, especially when artificial breastfeeding, the incidence is higher, the milder affects the growth and development, and the severer can be fatal. Prevention and treatment methods: In mild cases, you can take digestive aids such as food mothers, pepsin, lactase, etc., for severe diarrhea, drainage-like stool but no special fishy smell, use tannin, furazolidin, sulfamidine, hyponitric acid Antidiarrheal drugs such as sodium and berberine. For severe patients, fluids should be refilled in time and treated with detoxification drugs such as sodium bicarbonate and vitamin C. Cows with diarrhea caused by diseases such as cow mastitis should be treated for cow diseases or replaced by healthy cows’ milk or artificial feeding. Ensure that the newborn calves have enough colostrum for 4 days.

4. Constipation
This symptom usually means that the calf does not defecate within 24 hours after birth, and exhibits restlessness, arched back and tail-raised defecation, etc. After the calf is constipated, it is necessary to enema with soap and water in time to soften the stool for discharge. Then, infuse 300 ml of vegetable oil or paraffin oil in the rectum, or apply heat and massage the abdomen, or wrap the calf abdomen with a large towel to keep warm to relieve abdominal pain.

Post time: Aug-25-2021