Contains per bolus.:
Albendazole ............2500 mg.
Carrier upto..............18 g.
Albendazole is a synthetic anthelmintic which belongs to the group of
benzimidazole-derivatives with activity against a broad range of worms and at a higher dosage level also against adult stages of liver fluke.
Prophylaxis and treatment of worm infections in calves and cattle like:
Gastrointestinal worms : Bunostomum, Cooperia, Chabertia, Haemonchus,
Nematodirus, Oesophagostomum, Ostertagia, Strongyloides and Trichostrongylus spp.
Lung worms : Dictyocaulus viviparus and D. filaria.
Tapeworms : Monieza spp.
Liver fluke : adult Fasciola hepatica.
Administration in the first 45 days of gestation.
Side effects: Hypersensitivity reactions.
For oral administration.
Calves and cattle : 1 bolus per 300 kg body weight.
For liver fluke : 1 bolus per 250 kg body weight.
- For meat : 12 days.
- For milk : 4 days.
Package: 50 boluses in a box with bliste
Shelf Life: 3 years
Common parasitic diseases in cattle and sheep and their control methods
Cattle and sheep are herbivores with complex stomachs, and may be grazing on the grass for half a year of the year, which is prone to parasitic diseases due to ingestion of intermediate hosts or eggs of parasites. The parasites that invade cattle and sheep are diverse, some are single-celled protozoa, and some are multi-organ worms. The susceptibility of these worms to different anthelmintics is very different. In other words, different insect repellents are needed to get rid of different worms in the body. In other words, different anthelmintic drugs are different in repelling parasites in cattle and sheep. It is impossible to use one anthelmintic to remove all parasites in cattle and sheep. Cattle and sheep may be infected with a variety of insects during grazing, so two or more drugs are used for deworming every spring and autumn. Before carrying out deworming, one should understand and master the common knowledge of parasitic diseases and medication that cattle and sheep are prone to, in order to obtain a good deworming effect and ensure the health of cattle and sheep.
Types of parasites
1. Protozoa: cattle, sheep scorched worms (Babesia), and coccidia are all unicellular worms. The scorched worms parasitize in the blood of cattle, causing reduced red blood cells, thin blood, pale mucous membranes, and death due to high malnutrition; Coccidia parasites on the intestinal mucosa, destroying the structure of the intestinal mucosa. Cause intestinal bleeding, indigestion, and the body will die from anemia.
2. Worms: All are multicellular worms. Nematodes include roundworms, contortus, cattle, goat hookworms, lungworms, sheep whipworms, and bulleye worms; flukes include sheet-shaped, double-chambered, broad discs, front and rear discs, and other flukes and schistosomes. There are also tapeworms in worms, whose eggs develop into larvae can cause brain hydatid and cysticercosis.
3. Arthropod parasites: mainly all kinds of mites, ticks, lice, and nasal fly maggots, all of which are ectoparasites.
The above three types of parasites have different parasites on animals due to their different structures and morphologies. Protozoa are parasitic in blood or tissue cells; worms are parasitic in animal organs and digestive tract; and arthropods are parasitic in animal body surface or skin. Due to the differences in the physiological characteristics of parasites and parasite parts, drugs should be used selectively when deworming, otherwise satisfactory deworming effects will not be obtained.
Drugs for the treatment of protozoa
There are several kinds of drugs that are taken orally or intravenously:
1. Treatment of coccidiosis:
Amprolium: 20-25 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle and sheep orally, for 5 days for cattle and 10 days for sheep;
Monensin or salinomycin: add 20-30 mg per kilogram of body weight to feed for 3-5 days;
Sulfadimethoxine sodium: Orally, 100 mg per kilogram of body weight, once a day for 4 days; and sulfaquinoxaline.
2. Treatment of scorched worms (Babesia):
Imidazolide: 1-3 mg per kilogram of body weight, formulated as a 10% solution for intramuscular injection;
Diminazene (Bernier): 3.5-3.8 mg per kilogram of body weight, formulated as a 5%-7% solution for deep intramuscular injection;
Yellow pigment (trioflavin): 3-4 mg per kilogram of body weight, formulated as a 0.5%-1% solution for intravenous injection, can be used again after 24 hours in severe cases, and avoid hot sun exposure within 5 days after injection. Commonly used drugs include placental blue and so on.
There are more treatment drugs, but they should be used selectively.
1. Treatment of flukes: flukes include lamella, double-chambered, broad disc, discus anterior and posterior, and Schistosoma japonicum, and Orientia trematode.
Albendazole (albendazole): 10 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle, 15 mg for sheep, orally once;
Nitrochlorophenol: powder, 3-4 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle, 4-5 mg for sheep, one-time oral; injection, 0.5-1.0 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle, and 0.75-1.0 mg per kg body weight of sheep for deep intramuscular injection;
Bromophenophos (Hirudojing): 12 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle and 16 mg per kilogram for sheep, one-time oral administration.
Praziquantel: 35-45 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle and 60-70 mg per kilogram of body weight for sheep, once orally.
Thiodichlorophenol: 80-100 mg per kilogram of body weight, once administered. There are also triclofenazole (ganzhijing), niclosamide and so on.
2. Treatment of nematodes: Nematodes include roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and various nematodes that parasitic in the digestive tract of cattle and sheep, as well as nematodes that parasitic in the respiratory tract.
Levamisole: 6-10 mg per kilogram of body weight for cattle and sheep, one-time oral administration, with a drug withdrawal period of not less than 3 days for cows and sheep;
Albendazole (albendazole): 10-15 mg per kg of body weight, one-time oral; subcutaneous or intramuscular injection of 5 mg per kg of body weight.
Mebendazole: 10-15 mg per kilogram of body weight, taken orally once;
Ivermectin or Abamectin: 0.2 mg per kilogram of body weight, one-time oral or subcutaneous injection.
Praziquantel: 65-80 mg per kilogram of body weight, once administered.
Tetraimidazole 10-20 mg per kilogram of body weight, subcutaneously or intramuscularly.
3. Treatment of tapeworms or brain hydatid: including bovine and sheep cysticercosis.
Praziquantel: 60-90 mg per kilogram of body weight for sheep, one-time oral administration. 10% oil is 50-60 mg per kilogram of body weight, subcutaneously injected, and again after 10 days. The metering for cattle is halved.
Albendazole (albendazole): 15 mg per kilogram of body weight in sheep, one-time gavage. The cow is halved.
Dichlorophenol sulfate (Bedin) goat tapeworm is 100 mg/kg body weight, dissolved in water and given by gavage. Niclosamide (Mielanling) can also be used to treat tapeworms.
Treatment of ectoparasites
1. Treatment of mites (leprosy): Ivermectin or abamectin can be injected subcutaneously at 0.2 mg per kilogram of body weight; or a certain concentration of aqueous solution of trichlorfon, phoxim, coumaphos, etc. can be used for medicated bathing Or rub it locally. Drink enough water during the medicated bath, and the concentration of the prepared medicine must be in accordance with the instructions, and not excessive to avoid poisoning.
2. Treatment of sheep nose fly maggots: Trichlorfon can be used, 75-100 mg per kilogram of body weight, one-time gavage; 3% Laysuer 20-30 ml per sheep is injected into the nasal cavity or 1-2% Deworming Net 5- Infuse 10 ml into the nasal cavity. One-time oral administration of nitrochlorophenol is 3-4 mg per kilogram of body weight.
It can be seen from the above-mentioned drugs for the treatment of different parasites that in addition to special drugs for the treatment of protozoa, there are albendazole in the drugs for the treatment of worms. Therefore, albendazole is used to treat a variety of internal parasites. The drug of choice. Ivermectin is a drug to treat nematodes and ectoparasites in the body, so don't think that using ivermectin can get rid of all parasites in the body. In production, these two drugs can be taken orally or intramuscularly at a time, and used again after 15 days if necessary.
After selecting the most effective drug, carefully read the instructions for use, and administer the drugs strictly according to the metering and frequency specified in the instructions. Do not increase them at will, so as not to cause poisoning. If poisoning occurs, induce vomiting, intramuscular injection of atropine or dexamethasone for desensitization, intravenous injection of 5% glucose plus vitamin C, plus ATP, creatinine, etc. for detoxification.